Israel will get it's advantage in energy not only by being ahead with application, but also in having the flexibility to move rapidly with scientific advances. Remember the old cellular phones? Research into photovoltaics and solar power is racing ahead. For example. at the Grand Technion Energy Program (GTEP) scientists working with the Cavendish lab in Cambridge have produced the science behind the future plastic solar power (roll-up panels for your car or lap-top?).